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The section of grammar concerning words, their inflections and their derivations, in other words, their usage of affixes. Sub-forms of morphology include inflectional morphology (including conjugation and declension), derivational morphology, and morpho-phonology. Linguists often contrast morphology with syntax, the study of how words interact with each other in a given language, though some, such as Miekko, have questioned this dichotomy.

Languages are often classified by their use of morphology, into isolating, fusional, and agglutinative.