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The aspect of grammar that refers to the order that the words of a sentence in a particular language are arranged in and how the different elements of a language's grammar interact with one another. Linguists contrast it with morphology, the study of how words are structured internally.

The complexity of a language's syntax varies and generally forms an inverse correlation with its morphological complexity. English, which lacks much in the way of inflectional morphology, has a great deal of syntax to make up for it, for example.

Here's a kind of introduction to syntax

Theories of syntax


Minimalism (linguistics)

Government and Binding


Lexical-Functional Syntax

See also